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Exploring Hyperlipidemia ICD-10: E78.5 and Beyond

“Journeying Through Hyperlipidemia ICD-10: E78.5 and More”
Exploring Hyperlipidemia ICD-10 featured image

Hyperlipidemia ICD-10, represented by code E78.5, is like a secret code in the world of healthcare. It helps us make sense of high levels of fats in the blood. You might have heard the term “icd 10 hyperlipidemia,” and if that sounds like a puzzle, don’t worry – we’re here to solve it. 

We’ll take an easy-to-follow journey into understanding what hyperlipidemia is all about, how it fits into code E78.5, and what this code means for doctors and patients. 

We’ll also explore similar ideas, such as mixed hyperlipidemia and unspecified hyperlipidemia, to get a clearer picture of these related health issues.

What is Hyperlipidemia?

Hyperlipidemia, often referred to as high lipid levels in simpler terms, is a common health condition where there’s an excess of fats, also known as lipids, in the blood. These lipids include cholesterol and triglycerides, which are essential for various bodily functions. However, when their levels go beyond what’s considered normal, it can lead to potential health risks.

Diagnosing and categorizing hyperlipidemia involves the utilization of the diagnosis code E78.5. Embedded within the ICD-10 coding system, akin to a medical language, this code serves as a communication tool for healthcare experts to convey particular diagnoses.

In the context of hyperlipidemia, the corresponding ICD-9 code is 272.4, effectively pinpointing the existence of this condition marked by elevated lipid levels.

Distinguishing Hyperlipidemia from Dyslipidemia

Hyperlipidemia and dyslipidemia are terms that are often used interchangeably, but they carry distinct meanings when discussing lipid imbalances within the body.


Hyperlipidemia specifically refers to elevated levels of lipids, or fats, in the blood, which can include cholesterol and triglycerides. When these lipid levels exceed the normal range, it can potentially pose various health risks. In the context of ICD-10 coding, hyperlipidemia is often classified under codes such as E78.5, indicating the presence of high lipid levels without specifying the exact nature of the imbalance.


Dyslipidemia is a broader term that encompasses not only high lipid levels but also various other abnormalities in lipid composition. This can involve imbalances in different types of cholesterol, like high levels of “bad” LDL cholesterol and low levels of “good” HDL cholesterol.  Dyslipidemia ICD 10 codes, such as E78.5, can also apply to cases of hyperlipidemia. This code covers both hyperlipidemia and a wider range of lipid irregularities.

Common Types of Hyperlipidemia

Hyperlipidemia comes in various common types, each with distinct features and potential health impacts. 

Here are some of the most prevalent types:

Common Types of Hyperlipidemia infographic

Pure Hypercholesterolemia (ICD-10: E78.0): This type of hyperlipidemia is characterized by elevated levels of LDL cholesterol in the blood. It is often associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases due to the buildup of cholesterol in arteries. Management involves lifestyle changes and, in some cases, medication.

Pure Hyperglyceridemia (ICD-10: E78.1): This condition involves elevated levels of triglycerides in the blood. It is influenced by factors like diet, genetics, and lifestyle choices, and it can contribute to cardiovascular risks. Management typically includes dietary adjustments, exercise, and sometimes medication.

Mixed Hyperlipidemia (ICD-10: E78.2): This type combines elevated levels of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. It poses a combined risk for heart diseases and requires comprehensive management strategies including lifestyle modifications and medical interventions.

Hyperchylomicronemia (ICD-10: E78.3): Characterized by high levels of chylomicrons, a type of lipoprotein that carries dietary fats, this rare condition can lead to symptoms like abdominal pain and eruptive xanthomas. It often has a genetic basis and necessitates specialized management.

Hyperlipidemia, Unspecified (ICD-10: E78.5): When the exact type of hyperlipidemia is not specified, this code is used. It signifies elevated lipid levels in the blood without pinpointing the specific lipoprotein or lipid involved.

These various types of hyperlipidemia highlight the importance of early detection, accurate diagnosis, and appropriate management strategies to mitigate the associated cardiovascular risks.

Diagnosis of Hyperlipidemia

Diagnosing hyperlipidemia incorporates a cholesterol evaluation, often indicated by the E78.5 diagnosis code. A healthcare practitioner will extract a blood sample for laboratory analysis, subsequently providing you with a comprehensive report.

This report will indicate your:


Total Cholesterol Levels: This reveals the overall amount of cholesterol present in your blood, serving as a fundamental indicator of your cardiovascular health.

Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol Levels: Often referred to as “bad” cholesterol, elevated LDL cholesterol is associated with the buildup of plaque in arteries, increasing the risk of heart disease.

High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol Levels: Known as “good” cholesterol, higher levels of HDL cholesterol are linked to a lower risk of heart disease as it aids in removing excess cholesterol from the arteries.

Triglyceride Levels: Triglycerides are a type of fat in your blood. Elevated triglyceride levels can contribute to cardiovascular risks, especially when combined with other lipid abnormalities.

These measurements collectively provide valuable insights into your lipid health, assisting healthcare professionals in tailoring appropriate strategies for management and prevention.

Final thoughts

in the realm of cardiovascular health, understanding the nuances of hyperlipidemia ICD-10, particularly the significance of the E78.5 code, is paramount. This code serves as a beacon, guiding healthcare professionals in identifying elevated lipid levels and initiating tailored interventions. While hyperlipidemia and dyslipidemia may seem like interchangeable terms, their distinctions are pivotal in comprehending the intricacies of lipid imbalances.

From the spectrum of hyperlipidemia types to the comprehensive diagnosis process facilitated by the E78.5 code, this journey underscores the importance of proactive health management. Armed with insights into total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels, individuals can take charge of their cardiovascular well-being. By embracing this knowledge, we can navigate the labyrinth of lipid health with greater understanding and empower ourselves to forge a healthier future.

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